4 Different Types of Eczema You Must Know

Eczema is an inflammation of skin and is determined by excessively dried skin with intense itching. Here are the types of eczema you must know.

Eczema is a skin inflammation which is marked by the unexplained dried skin and severe itching. Being a chronic skin condition for lots of people, nearly 30 million Americans are said to be suffering from eczema. However, exact causes of eczema are still unknown but it may be triggered by environmental and hereditary factors. Children are more prone to eczema if the parents have any atopic disease. Child overcomes the symptoms once he grows older, though eczema may persist in several children even in their adulthood. But eczema is not communicable and can’t spread from affected one to other. Here, we roundup the different types of eczema so that you have better outlook and treatment for this skin condition.

Contact eczema: Contact eczema is divided into allergic and irritant. Allergic eczema is triggered by allergens while irritant is caused by the skin reaction of shampoo/soap and chemicals. But irritant eczema is common and can cause most of the contact cases.

Xerotic Eczema: The signs and symptoms of xerotic eczema are dry and flaky patches on legs, arms, and core area. It appears in winter when there is low humidity in the environment. When you have xerotic eczema, you feel severe itching on the shins and arms and it becomes worse with hot showers, baths with harsh soaps, losing moisture, and living in over-heated homes during winters with less humidity.

Atopic Eczema: Atopic dermatitis is common in infants or in early childhood and likely to occur in people having long family history of atopic eczema. The common signs and symptoms of atopic eczema are rashes and itching on elbows, neck, scalp, bend of the knees, buttocks and head. Atopic Eczema is treatable with the topical ointments and emollients to minimize dryness and reduce. Further, a physician may prescribe topical or oral antibiotics to avoid the secondary infection.

Seborrhoeic Eczema: Seborrhoeic Eczema appears on the face and scalp and is the common type of eczema. The specific causes of seborrhoeic eczema is still unknown, although, it is believed to be caused by oily skin, family history, immunosuppression, neurological and psychiatric disease. Broadly, seborrhoeic eczema is categorized into —Infantile seborrhoeic, which affect the age group of 6-12 months; and Adult seborrhoeic which is common in adults. Males are more likely to have seborrhoeic eczema than females.

So, these are the common types of eczema. Good thing is that they can be treated with the common ointment unless they become severe. However, you must keep several precautions in mind, whether you’re treating it at home or using prescribed medications.

  • Avoid using harsh or perfumed soaps. Use organic soap or the eczema soap
  • Avoid heat and sweat
  • Avoid wearing clothes made from wool, acrylic and polyester
  • Don’t take stress
  • Wear completely dried clothes in moist weather
  • Don’t use irritant skin products
  • After washing your clothes with detergent, rinse them well. Some biological detergents are believed by some people to be irritating. However, no scientific study has claimed yet that the commonly used detergents can trigger eczema.
  • Vacuum your home properly to minimize the numbers of house dust and mites, although it is very exhaustive. 
  • Avoid the foods that cause allergy which may be dairy products like milk and eggs, besides wheat, fish and nuts.

Make sure to use ointment for eczema as per guidelines. Apply it in the general direction of hair growth as the opposite direction can block the hair shafts, causing infection.

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