Resveratrol is the reason that makes red wine good for you!!!
It is a natural compound found in red grape skin, peanuts, Japanese knotweed, peanuts, blueberries and some other berries. Resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant produced by some plants to guard them from environmental stresses.
Production of Resveratrol
The skin of grapes is a big production house of resveratrol; frappe plant produces ample of it to protect itself against sun damage and fungal diseases. For this reason, wine has higher levels of resveratrol than any other natural food. In general, red wine contains less than 1 to 2 mg per 8 ounces of red wine which is a very small amount.
But, red wine has still more resveratrol content than white wine because red wines are fermented with the grape skins longer than white wines. Therefore, many of the antioxidants including resveratrol present naturally in the grape skins are extracted into the wine.
Also, grapes grown in humid environments tend to have more resveratrol than grapes grown in more arid environments because these produce more resveratrol in order to fight damaging fungus.
How does Resveratrol work?
Resveratrol tends to protect DNA of cells. As said above, resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant that can help prevent cell damage due to the free radicals (unstable atoms caused by pollution, sunlight, etc.) that can cause cancer, aging and brain degeneration.
Benefits of Resveratrol
Resveratrol is believed to be responsible for low rates of heart disease, especially in people who are addicted to unhealthy activities like smoking, drinking, etc. All of these activities are known contributors of high cholesterol, stroke, high blood pressure and heart attacks. In some scientific studies, feeding Resveratrol to fruit flies, fish and even mice have increased their lifespans because it alters gene expression in heart, skeletal muscle and brain.
Resveratrol is produced to assist some plants like grapes when they are under attack by infectious agents such as UV light, bacteria or fungi. Just as it acts as a protection in plants, Resveratrol is also thought to convey protective properties to humans and is considered a significant ingredient to fight many human conditions such as inflammation, low energy and even cancer.
Consuming Resveratrol can also offer you increased energy which helps your exercise routines to become less tedious. If you are combining exercise and a low-caloric diet, this will improve the effects of Resveratrol and help you support weight-management.
Resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant for the skin. Pollution and sun damage are just a few environmental factors that take a huge toll on your skin and fasten the ageing process. Resveratrol has shown to have great potential in skin care and dermatology by supporting healthy-looking skin from within and combating free radical damage.
Side Effects of Resveratrol
Adverse effects of resveratrol in humans have not been reported till date and long-term side effects are unknown. A small and brief clinical trial conducted in 2011 in obese patients given 150 mg per day of resveratrol noted no adverse reactions.
However some people should avoid taking it. Patients who have blood disorders that can cause bleeding should be examined by a physician while taking this product. Moreover, people undergoing surgery should stop taking resveratrol two weeks before and after the surgery to minimize the risk of bleeding.
Do not take resveratrol supplements or extreme amounts of natural foods that contain resveratrol during pregnancy or breast-feeding. There is a lack of research in this area to prove safety. Also, intake of Resveratrol should be avoided in children.
Resveratrol has mild estrogenic activity and women with cancers and other conditions that are estrogen sensitive should pursue medical advice before taking resveratrol.
Resveratrol lowers the activity of enzymes involved with drug metabolism however it has a significant effect in humans has not been studied.