Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that is caused by the excessive growth of the skin cells. Here is a basic info about psoriasis you should know.
Did you know? Over 7.5 million people in the USA have psoriasis. And majority of them are adults.
Psoriasis is caused by excessive growth of the skin cells. It leads to itchy, redness and flaky skin. It mostly occurs on the skin parts like navel, ears, genitals and buttocks. Psoriasis is not curable, though it can be kept in control with medications and precautions.
What are the Different Types of Psoriasis?
- Psoriasis vulgaris is the most basic type.
- Guttate psoriasis occurs as small drop on the skin.
- Inverse psoriasis occurs on underarms, navel, groin and buttocks.
- Pustular psoriasis are blisters filled with yellowish fluid
- Palmoplnatar psoriasis occurs on the palms and the soles.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis covers the whole skin surface.
What are the Symptoms of Psoriasis?
- Red patches, blisters and silvery scales
- Small scaling spots occur in kids
- Dry and cracked skin
- Intense itching and inflammation
- Yellowish brown separations of the nails
- Stiff and swollen joints
What Causes Psoriasis?
Although psoriasis is an excessive growth of the skin cells, it is still unknown why it happens. Many medical experts believe that environmental and genetic factors trigger the growth of the skin cells. Psoriasis is also associated with stress, weak immune system, medications, infection, skin injury and health conditions.
Is Psoriasis Infectious?
No. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease. It is not caused by infection.
How Psoriasis is Diagnosed by Doctor?
First of all, your physician will examine the affected part of the skin. He can go for biopsy test, in which he collects your skin sample to rule out the possibility of other disease.
Make sure to share the medical history of your family with your doctor. Once it is established that you have psoriasis, a doctor prescribes you a treatment to reduce the inflammation, scales and patches. Whereas topical ointment is prescribed for mild cases, you are required to take oral medication for severe form.